Abrasion
 Adhesion
 Application
 Color/Gloss
 Density
 Dispersion
 Drum Handling
 Drying Time/Gelation
 Film Flaws
 Film Thickness
 Hardness
 Impact & Flexibility
 Lab Apparatus
 Measuring Instruments
 Moisture/Air/Temp.
 Optical Instruments
 pH & Conductivity
 Publications
 Surface Profile
 Surface Tension
 Viscosity
Home  >>  Products  >>  Viscosity  >>  Standard Ford, Ford Dip, and Mini Ford Viscosity Cups

Gardco Standard Ford Viscosity Cups


Viscosity Measurement by a series of Six (6) Gardco Standard Ford Cups

  • All Gardco Ford cups are alodine finished machined aluminum with easily Removable "Snap-in, Snap-out" orifices
  • Close production tolerance of cup and orifice permits replacement or interchange of orifices without loss of acceptable accuracy
  • Orifice sizes: No. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 for Standard & Mini Dip Cup
  • 3 orifice sizes: 3, 4, and 5 for Standard Dip Cup
  • Both Dip Cups Great for Field and Lab Use
  • Seconds to centistokes conversion table furnished with every cup, phone app also available.
  • Compatible with ASTM D1200, (except for very minor adjustment of orifice diameter on Standard Cup)
  • Cup No. 5 (Standard Cup and Mini Dip Cup) compatible to requirements of federal specification MMM-A-121 for adhesives
  • Standard oils, traceable to the U.S. National Institute of Standards & Technology
  • Certificate of Calibration traceable to the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • Standard Cup & Mini Dip Cup qualify under MIL STD 45662A & conform to ISO 9000 when ordered with calibration certification. Mini Dip Cup qualifies under ANSI/NCSL Z540 or ISO/IEC 17025, ISO 9001 as applicable.
Ford Viscosity Cups
 
Standard Cup Standard Dip Cup Mini Dip Cup

 

Features

Ford Standard Ford Cups

  • The flow formula for each cup in the series has been selected to provide results, which are as close as possible to an average of other similar Ford Cups. The flow formula as applied to the physical dimensions of each cup in the series has been confirmed with the use of standard oils traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology and other liquids from essentially zero viscosity to a viscosity proportional to 150 seconds flow time.
  • The top interior of the orifice has been shaped to provide a sharper break in the stream as the cup empties. The design also provides for a better definable orifice length with respect to theory.
  • The taper fit of the orifice eliminates hard to clean areas.
  • The orifice is readily removable with furnished wood dowel and inserted without the use of tools.
  • The design of the cup bottom gives increased protection to orifice.
  • The drip ring has been deepened to accommodate a greater amount of material
  • ± 2% Production Tolerance
  • A specially designed tripod support is available to enhance the use of the cup.
  • Weight of the cup has been reduced 20% to minimize influence of cup temp on the temp of the material being measured.
Top view of cup Bottom view of cup
Top view showing dripwell Bottom view of cup
   
Bracket Stand Tripod Support
Ford cup shown in regular bracket stand and scraper plate with bubble level. Beaker not included. Standard Ford Viscosity Cup
with Tripod support. Beaker not included.

Ford Standard Dip Cups (with No. 3, 4, and 5 orifices)

  • Mathematical formulas developed for the Gardco Standard No. 3, 4 & 5 Ford Dip Viscosity Cups, relating efflux time in seconds to viscosity in centistokes, defines cup flow characteristics with respect to standard oils traceable to U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. The resulting formulas have been solved for each tenth of a second within the recommended range.
  • Red Anodized handle for easy identification
  • ±3% Production Tolerance for cup No. 3, ±2% Production Tolerance for cup No. 4, ±3% Production Tolerance for cup No. 5
  • Cup No. 3 range extends from 29 to 251 centistokes, Cup No. 4 range extends from 34 to 441 centistokes, Cup No. 5 range extends from 77 to 1413 centistokes

This cup has the same capacity as the Standard Laboratory type Ford Viscosity Cup designed for use with a stand. However, this new cup is fitted with a red anodized aluminum handle and the drip ring at the top of the cup has been eliminated.

 

Ford Mini Dip Cups

  • For Viscosity Measurements of Very Thin Paints, Inks, Solvents, Lacquers, Adhesives, and Coating Materials of All Kinds
  • Capacity is 50% of Standard Ford Viscosity Cup
  • ±4% Production tolerance
  • 2 to 1400 centistoke range
  • Directly related to Standard Ford Cup series designed, standardized and produced by the Paul N. Gardner Company, Inc.

A mathematical formula developed for each Mini Ford Dip Cup in the series, relating time in seconds to centistoke viscosity defines cup flow characteristics with respect to standard oils traceable to U.S. National Institute of Standards & Technology. The resulting formula have been solved for each tenth second within the recommended cup range. A table with this information as well as the cup formula is furnished free with each cup.

Technical Data

Ford Standard Cups
Ford Standard Cup Number Conversion Chart
Seconds Range
Conversion Chart
Centistoke Viscosity Range
Calibration Liquid
0 57 to 120 2 to 14 G-6
1 60 to 120 12 to 40 G-10
2 37 to 120 25 to 120 G-35
3 23 to 120 29 to 273 G-60
4 16 to 120 34 to 441 G-60
5 10 to 120 77 to 1413 G-200
Ford Standard Dip Cups
Ford Dip Cup Number Standard Oil Approximate Centistoke Value Efflux Time In Secs.
3 G60 120 56
4 G60 120 35
5 G200 450 39
To find the exact efflux time in seconds, substitute the centistoke value of the oil from the bottle label in the conversion table furnished with the cup. Read from the table the applicable efflux time in seconds or use the formula on the reverse side of the table.
Ford Mini Dip Cups
Ford Mini Dip Cup
Number
Conversion Chart
Seconds Range
Conversion Chart
Centistoke Viscosity Range
Average Centistokes
Per Sec.
0 28 to 60 2 to 14 0.4
1 30 to 60 12 to 40 1.0
2 18 to 50 25 to 120 2.8
3 12 to 60 29 to 273 5.0
4 10 to 60 53 to 441 7.6
5 10 to 60 215 to 1413 25.0

Instructions for Use

It is helpful, and results will be more consistent, if all viscosity determinations are made in a room that is free from drafts or quick temperature change, and is within ±3°C (±5°F) of the viscosity measuring temperature of 25°C.

 

Ford Standard Cup
  1. Adjust the sample to measuring temperature, usually 25°C (77°F).
  2. Select the cup that will provide readings which are well within the cup range.
  3. Make sure that the cup is clean and place it into its support.
  4. Make sure that the cup is level.
  5. Place a finger under the cup orifice and fill the cup with bubble free test material. The cup is full when the meniscus disappears where the liquid joins the sidewall of the cup. If the cup is overfilled, scrape the access into the cup well with a spatula or by passing the cover plate across the top of the cup. Note that the finger can be removed from the orifice when the cover plate is in place.
  6. Start a timer as the cover plate is removed from the cup.
  7. Determine the temperature of the efflux stream. If there is a significant change during the test it should be repeated.
  8. Stop the timer at the first break of the efflux stream, one or two inches below the orifice.
  9. Record the cup type and number, measured temperature, and efflux time. For best accuracy, average three or more readings.
  10. Promptly clean the cup, giving special care to the orifice.
 
Ford Dip Cups
The Gardco Mini Dip Cups should have the same care as the Gardco Standard Series as they are produced to the same close tolerance.  The use of the dip cup, however, is somewhat different:
  • Adjust the temperature of the material to be measured, if necessary.  Lower the cup into the material so that the cup rim is submerged.  Place a thermometer into the cup as it is immersed and determine the temperature of the confined sample.  Remove thermometer.  Quickly raise the cup from the material, high enough to easily observe the efflux stream and at the same time, start the timer.  Closely observe the efflux stream and stop the timer at the first break in the stream, one to two inches below the orifice.
  • Record the cup used (ex., Gardco Mini Dip #4), the measured temperature and the efflux time.  If the efflux time is immediately converted to Gardco Standard Cup time by multiplying by two, it should be so noted.
  • Promptly clean the cup with close attention to the orifice.

Ford Standard Cup

Figure 5 The internal dimensions conform to those specified in the ASTM Method D1200 except for the diameter of the orifice. Even here there is close agreement, but the diameter of the orifice is adjusted to bring the cup into conformity with the flow formula.

Most of the Ford cups produced by others to date have an external cup diameter that extends below the level of the orifice. This results in a large amount of metal adjacent to the orifice which can adversely affect the accuracy of the reading if the cup and material being measured are not at the same temperature at the time the measurement is started. Most of this mass of metal has been removed in the new design.

The bottom of the cup is designed to extend below the orifice. This design not only provides adequate stability for the cup when resting upright on a surface, but it also protects the orifice from damage. This protection is also closer to the orifice than in other designs.

 
The drip ring surrounding the top of the cup has been increased in volume to accommodate a greater amount of material. This change con minimize the frequency of cleaning or reduce spillage in long series of tests.

Pictured on the right is a cross section of the orifice used in both the Gardco Standard and the Gardco Ford Dip Cups. Note that the upper interior portion, following the conversion from the slope of the cup interior is spherical in shape rather than conical. It has been found that this shape provides a cleaner break of the stream as the cup empties. In addition, the length of the orifice is better defined in accordance with theory. The "0" orifice does not have this feature as it is longer and has less need of this shape.

In the new design the exterior of the brass orifice is a truncated cone, sized to match a conical section in the body of the cup. This design insures close fit with no gaps between the body and the orifice either at the top or bottom. This design also eliminates the hard to clean areas that exist in most other designs.

Figure 6
 
Orifice Removal: To remove the orifice, simply place the cup upside down on a solid surface, place a wood dowel rod (VI-WD) against the orifice and tap the dowel rod with an object such as a paperweight. To insert the orifice, place the cup on a solid surface right side up, drop the orifice in place, place the dowel rod into the spherical section of the orifice and tap the dowel rod with a heavy object.

Ford Standard Dip Cup

The body of the cup is machined from solid bar stock stainless steel. Note the conical opening for the orifice which permits gentle “tapping in” or “tapping out” of the orifice.

The orifices for the cup are machined from brass with the exact conical exterior to match the opening in the base of the cup. Positive orifice identification is assisted by “steps” at the base of the orifice.

The Gardco Standard Ford Dip Cup has all the advantages listed for the Standard series except it does not have a overflow well at the top of the cup and a red anodized handle is attached for support.

The bottom of the cup is designed to extend below the orifice This design not only provides adequate stability for the cup when resting upright on a surface, but also protects the orifice from damage.

The design of the bottom of the cup, as can be seen from the drawing, causes all material draining from the outside of the cup to flow away from the orifice and not influence the rate of flow from the orifice.

Dimensions

Dip Cup Orifice Details

Standard Ford Dip Cup Orifice Details

Close production  tolerance permits replacement of the precision "pop-in, pop-out" orifice without loss of accuracy and without tools.

To remove the orifice, simply place the cup upside down on a solid cushioned surface.  Place the wood dowel rod furnished with the cup against the orifice and tap the dowel rod lightly with a heavy object such as a paper weight.  To insert the orifice, place the cup right side up. 

Carefully insert the orifice in place.  Place the dowel rod into the spherical section of the orifice and tap the dowel rod with a heavy object.

Ford Mini Dip Cup

Time in seconds obtained with the dip series is just one half that obtained with the standard series. Simply multiply the seconds obtained by two and the results are directly converted to centistokes by the same theory presented for the standard series. This relationship is obtained by producing the dip series with an internal vertical cross section equal to just one half of the standard series and adjusting the cup height to obtain desired results.

The orifice series used in the dip cup is identical to the series used in the standard cup.

The design of the bottom of the cup causes all material draining from the outside of the cup to flow away from the orifice and not to influence the rate of flow from the orifice.

Minimum time for the dip series is one half of that stated earlier for the standard series, or ten seconds, and cup sensitivity is one half of that shown earlier for the Gardco Standard Ford Cup.

Figure 2

Cup Care

The GARDCO viscosity cups are precision instruments. To maintain them in their initial condition and calibration, they should be cleaned following each  use with a suitable solvent and a soft brush or lint-free cloth.  Particular care should be used in cleaning the orifice to avoid leaving deposits or scratches on the internal surfaces.  Nylon fishing line has been found to be suitable.  It is good practice to retain a pint of standard calibration oil which can be used to periodically insure that the cup maintains initial calibration.

Guide for removing the calibrated oil from Gardco viscosity cups. - Any remaining material in the cup must be removed by flushing with a suitable solvent. Light naphtha, heptane, octane, highly aromatic solvents, and or any other petroleum-derived hydrocarbon solvent can be used. Varsol® is a commercial solvent that works very well for this purpose. Varsol is a registered trademark of the Exxon Company

Completely dry the viscosity cup with a lint free cloth. Use a highly volatile solvent for a second cleaning as since any remaining hydrocarbon solvents from the first process will evaporate quickly after the sample has been flushed from the cup. Hypersolve, MEK and Alcohol can be used in aluminum cups and Hypersolve and Alcohol for the stainless steel cups. Acetone is commonly used as the second solvent because of its high volatility and its ability to dissolve traces of petroleum solvents and water.

In the third process a low velocity stream of clean air will be sufficient to evaporate remaining traces of any volatile solvent. Be aware, avoid rapid evaporation of these solvents as this can cool the surface to such an extent that humid air may be brought below the dew point, causing a film of water to form on the cup.

Caution: Silicone fluids should not be used to calibrate viscosity cups. These materials change tile interface between the cup surface and the test material and therefore change the cup calibration. The following Is taken from ASTM D445: Viscometers used for silicone fluids should be reserved for the exclusive use of such fluids. Solvent washing from these viscometers should not be used for cleaning other viscometers.

Orifice Identification Tool

(VI-3341) For ALL Ford Cups - Orifice interchange is not applicable to certified cups. Production tolerance on the Standard cup, the Standard Dip cup and the orifice whether it be #3, #4 or #5 is sufficiently close to permit interchange of orifices in either cup or between cups.

For convenience and for best possible results, however, it is recommended that such interchanges be held to a minimum.

Orifice Identification Tool


Prices

top
Prices subject to change    Prices listed in US dollars for domestic shipments within US    For tax exempt orders please call us at 954-946-9454
Item Number Item Prices
VI-333 + (orifice #) 1 each, Standard Ford Cup (specify #0, #1, #2, #3, #4 or #5 orifice) furnished with support stand (specify Bracket or Tripod ), and Cover Plate/Circular Level $475.65
With Certification 645.15
VI-3300 No. 0 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3301 No. 1 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3302 No. 2 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3303 No. 3 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3304 No. 4 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3305 No. 5 Gardco Ford Standard Viscosity Cup
VI-3403 No. 3 Gardco Ford Standard Dip Viscosity Cup (with red handle)
VI-3404 No. 4 Gardco Ford Standard Dip Viscosity Cup (with red handle)
VI-3405 No. 5 Gardco Ford Standard Dip Viscosity Cup (with red handle)
VI-3320 No. 0 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
VI-3321 No. 1 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
VI-3322 No. 2 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
VI-3323 No. 3 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
VI-3324 No. 4 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
VI-3325 No. 5 Gardco Ford Mini Dip Viscosity Cup
107413795 Calibration Certificate for Viscosity Cups - add this to your cart with any above cup. Certification to ISO 17025 will take 3-5 days (shipping time not included). This item must be added for each cup you need certified.
CERT-EXP Expedited Calibration Service Fee - add this to your cart along with any above cup and the certification charge (VI-EZC). This will take 1-2 days (shipping time not included).
Ford Orifices
VI-3313 No. 3 Orifice only (Snap in Type) $66.15
VI-3314 No. 4 Orifice only (Snap in Type) 66.15
VI-3315 No. 5 Orifice only (Snap in Type) 66.15
VI-3310 No. 0 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
VI-3311 No. 1 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
VI-3312 No. 2 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
VI-3313 No. 3 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup, Standard Dip Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
VI-3314 No. 4 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup, Standard Dip Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
VI-3315 No. 5 Orifice only (Snap in Type) for Standard Cup, Standard Dip Cup & Mini Dip Cup 66.15
Note: Orifice sizes No. 0, 1 & 2 for Standard Dip Cups are available on special order.
Learn more about our FREE viscosity calculater. CLICK HERE.
Accessories
VI-3030 Regular Support Stand with Bracket to Retain Cup (3/32" Hex tool required for adjustment - not included) $264.60
VI-3338 Tripod Support for Standard Series Cups 241.50
SS-80125 Receiving Beaker #14, Stainless Steel, 125ml 59.85
SS-80250 Receiving Beaker #14, Stainless Steel, 250ml 47.25
VI-3035 Glass Cover Plate with Circular Level 30.45
TH-0482 Thermometer, Glass, blue spirit filled, 20°-30°C 57.75
TM-AX705 Ultimate Stopwatch 35.70
TM-AX705/C Ultimate Stopwatch, 1/100 - Certified traceable to N.I.S.T 59.85
VI-WD Wood Dowel Rod 3/8" x 6" 11.55
VI-3341 Orifice Identification Tool 46.20
PU-G211 Replacement Instruction Manual 22.05
VI-VCC Viscosity Cup Equivalent Chart (Excel download here) - (Computer or Phone Application here) FREE
ASTM Mercury In Glass Thermometers
TH-02232 Celsius Thermometer 17C 47.25
TH-02233 Fahrenheit Thermometer 17F 47.25
TH-02272 Celsius Thermometer 45C 177.45



top

Call HAVE QUESTIONS?
    954.946.9454
Email PREFER TO EMAIL?
    gardner@gardco.com
  FIND PRODUCTS LEARN MORE ORDERING INFO ABOUT US
  By Category Email Registry How to Order Contact Info
  By Industry Trade Shows Request Quote History
  New Products Test Lab Info Order Form FAQ's
  Monthly Product Articles/Links Repairs/Service Policies




  © 2020 Paul N. Gardner, a BYK Instruments Company | Contact | Policies Facebook  YouTube  Blogger