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H-1200 Penetrometer
H-1250 Penetrometer

The Universal and Portable Pentrometers are designed to test the strength of a material. They are direct-reading instrumens used for precision penetration measurements of bituminous materials. They can be used for many applications including: cement, petrolatum and waxes, as well as food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products.



  • The Universal Penetrometers has 5" diameter indicator dial, graduated in 400 divisions of 0.1mm, corresponding to 40mm penetration. Zero preset to eliminate errors. There are 3 types: Universal Penetrometer, Universal Grease Penetrometer and Universal Battery Paste Penetrometer.
  • The Portable Penetrometer is a lighter and smaller version of the Universal Penetrometer great for field work. The unit's micrometer adjusts for accurate settings, as well as coarse adjustment for approximate settings.

Technical Data

Technical Data
Model Universal Penetrometers Portable Penetrometers
Overall Dimensions: 10.5" x 13" x 22"
(266.7 x 330.2 x 558.8mm)
7" x 7" x 16"
(178 x 178 x 406mm)
Standards: ASTM D5, ASTM D5329, ASTM D1168, ASTM D1321, ASTM D1403, ASTM D937, ASTM D217, ASTM D1831, ASTM D217, ASTM D1403, ASTM D937, AASHTO T49, AASHTO T187 ASTM D1168, ASTM D1321, ASTM D1403, ASTM D1831, ASTM D217, ASTM D5, ASTM D5329, ASTM D937, AASHTO T49, AASHTO T187
  • 47.5g plunger with 3.2mm hole
  • Two loading weights (50g and 100g)
  • One 50g loading weight
  • H-1280 needle
Accessories Applications Description Weight Meet Specs.
H-1280 Bituminous Materials Hardened stainless steel needle, brass ferrule, 3.2mm dia. 2.5gm ASTM D5: AASHTO T49, IP49; ASA Std., SS-R-406C Meth. 214.01
H-1300 Same as H-1280. Certified for accuracy by independent laboratory
H-1310 Waxes with 250 or more penetration Hardened stainless steel wax penetration needles with tapered point, hollow shaft, blunt tip of truncated cone. Ferrule is approx. 2.3mm dia. 2.5g ASTM D1321
H-2520 Grease-testing penetrometers Hollow 90° brass cone, highly polished stainless steel tip. Removable nut and stem.
102.5g. ASTM D217, D937; ASA Std. Z11.3
H-2522 Same as H-2520, except stainless steel. 102.5g
H-1270 Measuring firmness of solid and plasticized fats (shortenings, margarine, butter, etc). 10° aluminum cone 1/8" (3.2mm) ferrule, 1/32" (0.8mm) stainless steel blunt tip Overall length 4-3/16" (106mm) 45gm AOCS cc-16-60
H-2519 Small obtainable samples (i.e. recovery of used grease) 1/4 scale. (not considered a substitute for full-size cone specified in ASTM D217.) 9.38g ASTM D1403

Instructions for Use

  1. Level the instrument carefully by means of the leveling screws on the base, sighting the spirit level from above to obtain accurate alignment. After the instrument has been leveled, avoid shifting its location. Otherwise it will be necessary to repeat the leveling process.
  2. Insert penetrating needle or cone into the chuck and tighten the chuck screw.
  3. Set the zero reference. Grasp the gear rack knob and pull up to release the clutch trigger. With the trigger released, raise the test plunger as high as possible. If the dial reading is not exactly zero, adjust the reading to zero by means of the zero setting screw (which is on the bottom of the dial housing) which is adjustable as required. Use a #8 Allen Wrench.
  4. Add the required weights to plunger head. In adding weights and in order to make up the required load for the test, note that the weight of the test plunger itself is 47.5 grams. For example, when the specified load for grease penetrations involving the use of a grease cone is 150 grams, no weights need be added to the plunger head since the combined weight of the cone (102.5 grams) and test plunger (47.5 grams) makes up required load as specified by ASTM. Place a prepared sample in position on base.
  5. Adjust the height of the mechanism head via the control sleeve on the main post so as to bring the point of the penetrating instrument exactly into contact with the surface of the sample. To adjust the height of the mechanism head, release the lock screw. This adjustment may be accomplished more easily by placing a weak light to one side of the sample container and observing the shadow formed by the penetrating instrument on the surface of sample, until light disappears from the point. BE SURE TO RELOCK THE HEAD SECURELY BY MEANS OF THE LOCK SCREW AFTER THE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT IS COMPLETED.
  6. Release the test plunger, allowing the penetrating instrument to descend into the sample. To release the test plunger, depress and hold the clutch trigger in its released position during the specified time required for the test. Use a stopwatch to verify release duration. CAUTION: In operating the clutch trigger, grasp the finger grip firmly with the forefinger, and with the thumb depress the clutch trigger quickly as far in as it will go. HOLD THE CLUTCH TRIGGER IN DURING THE SPECIFIED LENGTH OF THE TEST. At the specified duration, let go of the clutch trigger quickly, allowing it to lock the test plunger instantly.
  7. To read the depth of penetration, push down the gear rack knob gently as far as it will go. The dial reading now indicates the depth of penetration directly in tenths of millimeters. For example: If the pointer comes to a rest at the fourth mark past the 270 point, the depth of penetration is 274 tenths of a millimeter or 27.4 millimeters.
  8. With the Universal Penetrometer, penetration measurements can be made to a total depth of 40 mm on a single reading. On depths greater than 40 mm the dial pointer makes a complete revolution and moves past the zero position for a fraction of another revolution. Simply add the fractional revolution to determine the total depth of penetration.
  9. Return the dial pointer to zero, as directed in the Installation paragraph. If the original zero setting has been accurate, the dial pointer will return exactly to zero and subsequent readings will check against standard gauge blocks.


Penetration Needles and Cones



Prices subject to change    Prices listed in US dollars for domestic shipments within US, Canada, & Mexico only    Export orders require quotations - click here for a quote     For more info call us 1-800-762-2478 or 954-946-9454.
Item Number Item Prices
PE-H-1200 Universal Penetrometer $2,492.00
PE-H-1202 Universal Penetrometer for Battery Paste 2,729.00
PE-H-2510 Universal Penetrometer for Grease 2,926.00
PE-H-1250 Portable Penetrometer 1,678.00
PE-H-1280 Penetrometer Needle for Bituminous 90.00
PE-H-1300 Penetrometer Needle for Bituminous with certification 176.00
PE-H-1310 Penetrometer Needle for Waxes 194.00
PE-H-1270 Penetration Needle for Fats 397.00
PE-H-2519 Penetration Needle for Small Samples 1,175.00
PE-H-2520 Brass Penetration Needle 340.00
PE-H-2522 Stainless Steel Penetration Needle 340.00


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